You should familiarize yourself with the following before choosing your dream ring:

4 C’s of a Diamond

When choosing your diamond, you should know about the 4 C’s, which are colour, clarity, cut and carat weight.

 

Colour

Geologists evaluate the colour of gem diamonds based on the absence of the colour. A structurally and chemically perfect diamond has no hue. The colour determines the value, therefore colourless diamonds are of a higher value. 

D-V is the colour-grading system that measures the degree of colourlessness. The stone is compared under controlled light and precise viewing to all master stones to determine the colour value.  

 

Clarity

Carbon is exposed to immense heat and pressure deep in the earth, which produces natural diamonds. Internal characteristics called ‘inclusions’ and external inclusions called ‘blemishes’ develop during this carbon process.

When evaluating the diamond clarity, the number, size, relief, nature and positions determine and affect the appearance of the diamond. Although no diamond is perfect, the closer it comes, the higher the value becomes.

A trained diamond grader will be able to reveal the inclusions and blemishes. Expert and accurate assessments of clarity is important as A VS1 and SI1 diamond can look the same, but these diamonds are different in terms of their quality.

Cut

Diamonds are celebrated for their ability to transmit light, causing it to sparkle. The cut grade of a diamond is how well the diamond’s facets can interact with light.

The quality of the cut is the most crucial element to the diamonds value and splendour. Precise artistry and workmanship are required to deliver the final beauty as the cut is the most complex to analyse.

 

Carat Weight 

The measurement of how much the diamond weighs, is called carat weight. A metric carat is defined as 200 milligrams. Each carat is measured to the hundredth decimal place, and is subdivided into 100 points each.

The weight below a one carat diamond may also be described by its points. A jeweller may refer to a diamond that weighs 0.20 carats as a twenty pointer. The diamonds weight is communicated by carats and decimals. For instance, a 1.08ct stone is expressed as ‘one point oh eight carats’.

Diamond prices will increase depending on the carat weight as the larger the diamond, the rarer they are. However, two diamonds of equal weight can still vary in price considering the other three factors. It is important to remember that the value of your diamond is determined by all 4 C’s.